[NB The copy paste from the thread unroll resulted in a mutilated wordpress text, leaving out a number of pictured text fragments. I have repaired the text now. My excuses. ]
E.D. Hirsch, Jr., delivered a keynote at Making Shift Happen 2018, in Amsterdam (no, not online). In his books, Hirsch evaded the question of nature/nature in intelligence. Surprisingly, now his keynote centered on the idea of the ‘blank slate’ originating with John Locke. 1/..
This black box methodology does not prevent Plomin from telling us how education should make use of the results in behavior genetics: by differentiating and personalizing instruction. This is ridiculous as well as terrifying. Read it in: ‘G is for Genes: The Impact of Genetics on Education and Achievement’ http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1118482786.html or Blueprint https://www.penguin.co.uk/articles/2018/robert-plomin-on-understanding-our-dna.html 8/..
Is your DNA a blueprint (as Plomin strongly suggests it is)? A homunculus in the fertilized cell? “There is not, in any normal sense of the word, a representation of the final organism contained within the DNA” p. 4 in Kevin Mitchell 2018 assets.press.princeton.edu/chapters/s1325… 9/..
Kevin Mitchell, in his book ‘Innate. How the wiring of our brains shapes who we are’ https://press.princeton.edu/titles/13255.html, ‘traces human diversity and individual differences to their deepest level: in the wiring of our brains’. This developmental stage surely is one key step in a truly causal model for individual differences 10/..
What might be yet more basic than neural speed: speed at the cellular level! Curious? Read David C. Geary 2018 ‘Efficiency of mitochondrial functioning as the fundamental biological mechanism of general intelligence (g)’, Psychological Review https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325877307_Efficiency_of_mitochondrial_functioning_as_the_fundamental_biological_mechanism_of_general_intelligence_g_Psychological_Review 15/..
The neonate doesn’t have any culture yet, his ‘intelligence’ in the cultural sense is nil. In the biological sense there is, indeed, no ‘blank slate’. What is Pinker’s take? Steven Pinker 2002 ‘The blank slate. The modern denial of human nature’ https://stevenpinker.com/publications/blank-slate 17/..
Don’t have the book? Read the earlier Tanner lecture: ‘The Blank Slate, the Noble Savage, and the Ghost in the Machine’ unites.uqam.ca/philo/cours/PH… ‘the Blank Slate: that the human mind is infinitely plastic, with all its structure coming from reinforcement and socialization’ 18/..
John Rawls 1971 ‘A theory of justice’ Clarendon Press (1st edition) http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674000780 The not at all ‘blank slate’ (Rawls does not call it that) with John Rawls is the genetic as well as the societal (family; SES) position one is conceived/born in. 23/..
Steven Pinker has read his Rawls also, see ‘The blank slate’ pp 150/1. Rawls gets mentioned also in his 2006 essay ‘The blank slate’ apadivisions.org/division-1/pub… 24/..
‘The theory of justice’ is half a century old. It is the only book I know that got reprinted (2005) AFTER a newer edition appeared (1999). A classic; and rather inaccessible. For starters, read Rawls 2001 ‘Justice as fairness. A restatement’ Belknap http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674005112 27/..
The ends are the capabilities (as I understand it). Nussbaum ‘Creating capabilities’ Harvard UP http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674072350 p. 32-33) sums up 10 central ones, among them: Life; Bodily health; Sense, imagination, and thought [‘informed and cultivated by an adequate education’]; Emotions; Practical reason. 31/n
Let me cite one psychologist, a big influencer, Benjamin Bloom: “Dr. Bloom contends that much of individual differences in school learning may be regarded as man-made and accidental rather than fixed in the individual at the time of conception” Benjamin Bloom 1976 Human characteristics and school learning. McGraw Hill. http://benwilbrink.nl/projecten/fair_schooling.htm#Bloom_1976 His mastery concept was meant to show fair schooling to be possible, and it did in this experiment: benwilbrink.wordpress.com/2018/09/ (note. If schooling is primarily a matter of acquiring biologically secondary knowledge (David Geary), there is no reason to expect succes in schooling necessarily to be strongly dependent on individual differences as they can be observed in, e.g., six year olds. I’d love to see research on this conjecture 😉 38/n